USMC History: Continental Marines!

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USMC History: Continental Marines!

Mensaje  Gherri el Mar Ene 22, 2013 12:35 am

Continental Marines.

Os Continental Marines foron a forza de infanteria da Armada das 13 colonias. Este corpo naceu por unha disposición do Congreso Continental o 10 de Novembro de 1775, e disolta en 1783. Como os seus descendentes, foron un forza multiusos, pero a súa principal misión era garantir a seguridade a bordo dos buques, protexer o comandante e os oficiais, e loitar buque a buque, se fose necesario, e tamén apostarse como tiradores nos distintos sitios do buque. O seu obxectivo preferido era loxicamente oficiais e artilleiros inimigos.

Este é o aspecto que podería ofrecer-nos unha grunt dos CM.



En total, sobre 131 oficiais e 2.000 infantes de mariña que foron dispersados polos buques da Armada tras a disolución dos Continental Marines, até que no 1798 volven para crear o United States Marine Corps. Aínda así, durante ese período de tempo entre a desaparición da antiga e da reconstrución do segundo, en todo o mundo, onde queira que haxa un marine, conmemorase o aniversario dos Marines o 10 de novembro, contando a partir de 1775.

Aquel día, foi a Continental Marine Actl, decretada polo Congreso Continental.

That two battalions of Marines be raised consisting of one Colonel, two lieutenant-colonels, two majors and other officers, as usual in other regiments; that they consist of an equal number of privates as with other battalions, that particular care be taken that no persons be appointed to offices, or enlisted into said battalions, but such as are good seamen, or so acquainted with maritime affairs as to be able to serve for and during the present war with Great Britain and the Colonies; unless dismissed by Congress; that they be distinguished by the names of the First and Second Battalions of Marines.

Estes dous batallóns foron orixinalmente planificados para invadir Nova Escocia, o principal punto de entrada de reforzos británicos. En realidade, só un dos dous batallóns previstos foi formado, e os plans para o segundo batallón foron suspendidos por tempo indeterminado, xa que unha chegada repentina de varios rexementos de Casacas Vermellas a Nova Escocia, tanto de infantería e cabalería, ademais de 3.000 Hessians de apoio, fixo que os planos orixinais de asalto anfibio eran impracticables.


O comandante dos CM foi Samuel Nicholas.


A súa primeira sede foi en Filadelfia, e o seu primeiro oficina de recrutamento era nunha taberna ... o Tun Tavern, que debe ser algo como isto, a pesar de que a fundación da taberna era case un século antes.


Aínda hoxe, no Tun Tavern actual, non moi lonxe de onde foi o orixinal...


Tamén se formaron catro novas compañias, para axudar George Washington na defensa da Filadelfia.

Os marines foron utilizados durante a revolución en varios asaltos anfibios e invasións.

Panfleto de reclutamento
What a Brilliant Prospect does this Event Present to every Lad of Spirit who is inclined to try his Fortune in this highly renowned Corps.
The Continental Marines When every thing that swims the Seas must be a PRIZE!

Thousands are at this moment endeavoring to get on Board Privateers where they will serve without pay or reward of any kind whatsoever, so certain does their chance appear of enriching themselves by PRIZE MONEY! What an enviable Station then must the CONTINENTAL MARINE hold,--- who with far superior advantages to these, has the additional benefit of liberal Pay, and plenty of the best Provisions, with a good and well appointed Ship under him, the Pride and Glory of the Continental Navy; surely every Man of Spirit must blush to remain at Home in Inactivity and Indolence when his Country needs his Assistance.

Where then can he have such a fair opportunity, reaping Glory and Riches in the Continental Marines, a Corps daily acquiring new Honors, and here, once embarked in American Fleet, he finds himself in the midst of Honor and Glory, surrounded by a set of fine fellows, Strangers to Fear, and who strike Terror through the Hearts of their Enemies wherever they go!

He has likewise the inspiring idea to know, that while he sails the Ocean to protect the Liberty of these states, that the Thanks and good Wishes of the whole American people shall send him forth on his mission and participate in his Glory. Lose no Time, then, my Fine Fellows, in embracing the glorious Opportunity that awaits you: YOU WILL RECEIVE

Seventeen Dollars Bounty.

And on your Arrival at Head Quarters be comfortably and genteely CLOTHED. And spirited young BOYS, of a promissing Appearance, who are Five Feet Six Inches High, will receive TEN DOLLARS, and equal Advantage of PROVISIONS and CLOTHING with the Men. And those who wish only to enlist for a limited Service, shall receive a Bounty of SEVEN DOLLARS, and Boys FIVE. In fact, the Advantages which the MARINE receives are too numerous to mention here, but among the many, it may not be amiss to state --- that if he has a WIFE or aged PARENT, he can make them an Allotment of half his PAY which will be regularly paid without any Trouble to them, or to whomever he may direct, that being well Fed and Clothed on Board Ship, the remainder of his PAY and PRIZE MONEY will be placed in Reserve for the Relief of his Family or his own private Purposes. The Single Young Man, on his Return to Port, finds himself compelled to cut a Dash on Shore, with his GIRL and his GLASS, that might be envied by a Nobleman. Take Courage then, seize the Fortune that awaits you, repair to the MARINE RENDEVOUS, where on a FLOWING BOWL of PUNCH, on Three Times Three, you shall drink.

Long Live the United States and Success to the Marines

The Daily Allowance of a Marine when embarked is One Pound of BEEF or PORK. One Pound of BREAD. Flour, Raisins, Butter, Cheese, Oatmeal, Molasses, Tea, Sugar, &c. &c. And a Pint of the best WINE, or half a Pint of the Best RUM or BRANDY, together with a Pint of LEMONADE. They make Liberty in warm countries, a plentiful Allowance of the choicest FRUIT. And what can be more handsome than the Marines' Proportion of PRIZE MONEY, when a Sergeant shares equal with the Fleet Class of Petty Officers, such as Midshipmen, Petty Officers, &c. which is five shares each; a Corporal with the Second Class, which Is Three Shares each; and the Private with the Able Seaman, one Share and a Half each.

Desiring Greater Particulars, and a more full account of the many Advantages of this Invaluable Corps, apply to CAPTAIN MULLAN at TUN TAVERN, where the bringer of a Recruit will receive THREE DOLLARS.

_________________
Alá imos rapazes, o primeiro em chegar e matar aos malos, ronda de birra de grátis...
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Gherri
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Nimrod Cell

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